The Roanoke Park Historic District is eligible for listing
on the National Register under Criterion "A" for its direct
association with events that made a significant contribution to the broad
patterns of local and national history. The district is also significant under
Criterion "C" for its collection of early 20th century
residential architecture designed by many notable Seattle architects. The
period of significance for the Roanoke Park Historic District begins in 1899,
the earliest construction date, and ends in 1939, the date the neighborhood was
built out. Many residents in the district were directly involved in the local
and sometimes national historic context, some as much creating the history as
expressing or representing it. The politicians, jurists, medical people, and
earliest historians of Seattle who lived in the district were powerful actors,
and many local themes of the day were played out with varying degrees of
self-consciousness by other residents. The work and careers of the district's
residents epitomize patterns and preoccupations in the settlement of the
American west coast maritime cities.
The events of that pre-war period of political, economic,
and cultural activity coincide with the period of the district's architectural
significance, in which many of its architects trained on the east coast of the
United States, the Midwest, England, and Europe designed the district's
residences at the same time that they were designing the city of Seattle's
significant buildings during and even after the only partial realization of the
City Beautiful movement's ideals in the cities of the United States. The rise
of world fairs and expositions and the realization of City Beautiful ideals in
the layouts and buildings of these "cities within cities"1 is
directly involved as well on the Roanoke Park plateau, whose major period of
development was occasioned in large part by its overlooking the
Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition grounds. And the settlement of residential
suburbs-in Seattle's case, "streetcar suburbs" ever farther outside
the city center-is a pattern of development to be seen in the environment of
most cities in the United States and in Seattle, particularly in the Roanoke
Park Historic District.
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