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Summary for 1312 13TH AVE / Parcel ID 7660600015 / Inv # 0

Historic Name: Common Name:
Style: Vernacular Neighborhood: North Beacon Hill
Built By: Year Built: 1924

This house is significant due to its association with the Chinese American community as it illustrates the strength and presence in of Chinese Americans in Seattle. The Lews’ business in the 1930s and 1940s and H. G. Lew’s occupation as president of the US Import and Export Company are both indications of the eventual economic success of the Chinese American community. Its general presence in this neighborhood was also an early factor that contributed to the social and ethnic diversity that would eventually predominate in Beacon Hill and South Seattle. In addition to its association with the Chinese American community, the house signifies the historical and contemporary role that the Rainier Valley assumes as a transportation and commercial corridor connecting South Seattle to the International District, downtown, and the industrial districts.

This single-family residence is located in North Beacon Hill. It was constructed in 1924. From 1931 through 1938, Hong and Helen Lew resided in the house. The Lew family, Chinese Americans, managed Yuen Fung Company. By 1939, Lowell E. Rockwell and Mrs. Mae Winecka lived in the house, and Rockwell remained in the house through 1941. By 1943, Charles H. Haynes was the principal resident. The 1948 Polk directory lists H. G. Lew as occupying the house. Mr. Lew was the president of US Import and Export Company and later an employee of the County Road District No. 2, and he remained in the house through 1969.

Substantial residential and commercial development in Beacon Hill occurred when a transportation corridor connecting the Rainier Valley to Downtown Seattle and Seattle’s industrial district was constructed along Rainier Avenue. Development in the valley was facilitated by logging during the 1880s, the operation of the Rainier Valley Electric Railway in the 1890s, and the Jackson and Dearborn Street re-grades in the 1900s. Milling was the primary commercial industry during the last part of the nineteenth century although some agricultural activity existed. As residential development increased, Rainier Avenue gradually became the principal commercial corridor connecting the residential neighborhoods of South Seattle to downtown, the International District, and Seattle’s industrial districts. World War II brought additional building growth related to the wartime industry, as well as the influx of defense workers to nearby Boeing and the Duwamish shipyards. 

Beacon Hill has historically been a more economically and socially diverse neighborhood than Mount Baker to its east. There was less enforcement of residential deed restrictions and a greater availability of smaller, more affordable housing. One of the first land owners of Beacon Hill was George Riley, an African American from Portland, Oregon. George Riley, organizer of the Workingmen’s Joint Stock Association in Portland, arranged the organization’s purchase of property on Beacon Hill, which was platted in 1871 as Riley’s Addition. Furthermore, the northern end of Rainier Valley, which was originally settled by German immigrants, acquired the historical nickname “Garlic Gulch.” During the early twentieth century, due to the growing strength and predominance of its Italian American community. 

While there was a significant influx of Chinese migrant workers into the United States during the middle of the nineteenth century, immigration laws for the Chinese became more restrictive after the passage of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. This, combined with the 1889 Alien Land Laws, thwarted the growth of Seattle’s Chinese population and restricted their residences to Chinatown. Despite this, Chinese American families grew, and a second generation of Chinese Americans was born. By the 1930s, Chinese American families gradually began moving to the Beacon Hill area. With the incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II, the Chinese Exclusion Act was lifted in 1943, opening the way for immigration by the Chinese, who began moving to Beacon Hill in large numbers.

Beacon Hill’s diverse beginnings were reinforced by its landscape features, including Jefferson Park located at the center of Beacon Hill. Originally named Beacon Hill Park, Jefferson Park has exerted a profoundly positive influence on the development and social cohesion of the Beacon Hill neighborhood through its sustained use by local residents. Originally acquired by the City of Seattle in 1898, it was integrated into Seattle’s Olmsted system of parks. In 1915, the first public golf course west of the Mississippi opened at Jefferson Park. From 1919 to 1941, the year before many Japanese Americans were interned in the Northwest, the Japanese-American Language School in Seattle used the park for its annual picnics. Japanese Golf Association held annual tournaments beginning in 1931. African Americans, Japanese Americans, and Chinese Americans organized golf clubs during the 1940s and 1950s because they were excluded from white clubs; they used Jefferson Park as their home course.

The Jefferson Park community center and golf course remains open to the public, and the Beacon Hill neighborhood continues to be an ethnically diverse, working-class community. Its businesses and public spaces, including Jefferson Park and Dr. Jose Rizal Park, reinforce this diversity.

Constructed in 1924, this is a vernacular, Craftsman-influenced single-family residence. It is located on an elevated, rectangular lot between South Judkins and South Atlantic Streets, and the house faces westwards onto 13th Avenue South. The one story house has 1,510 square feet of living space, a partial-width recessed front porch, and a series of concrete steps leading to the main level. A square floor plan and poured concrete foundation support the platform-framed superstructure. The cross gable roof shape is defined by a low-pitched front gable and side gambrels. An extended gabled roof over the porch is supported by wooden posts arranged in the shape of square columns and has decorative lattice work between the posts. Asphalt composition shingles cover the entire roof system while the boxed-eaves overhanging are ornamented by thin fasciae boards. A brick chimney abuts the south eave wall, and the house is clad in wood board siding. The casement window on the front facade has 10-lite casements flanking a large fixed window. Eight-over-one hung-sash windows punctuate the gambrel ends while the remaining windows are either smaller hung-sash or casement windows. In general, wooden casings, sash, mullions, and muntins are intact. This is a character-defining house for Beacon Hill. The intact plan, cladding, windows, and porch illustrate both its historical and contemporary style and usage, designating it an integral feature within the neighborhood.

Detail for 1312 13TH AVE / Parcel ID 7660600015 / Inv # 0

Classication: Building District Status:
Cladding(s): Wood Foundation(s): Concrete - Poured
Roof Type(s): Gable Roof Material(s): Asphalt/Composition-Shingle
Building Type: Domestic - Single Family Plan: Square
Structural System: Balloon Frame/Platform Frame No. of Stories: one
Unit Theme(s): Architecture/Landscape Architecture
Changes to Plan: Intact
Changes to Windows: Intact
Changes to Original Cladding: Intact
Changes to Interior: Unknown
Other: Intact
Major Bibliographic References
Shaping Seattle Architecture: A Historical Guide to the Architects. Jeffrey Karl Ochsner, ed. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994.
Dorpat, Paul, “101 The Railroad Avenue Elevated,” Seattle, Now and Then, Seattle: Tartu Publications, 1984.
Bagley, Clarence B. History of Seattle, Washington. Chicago: S.J. Clarke, 1916.
Berner, Richard. Seattle 1921-1940: From Boom to Bust. Seattle: Charles Press, 1992.

Photo collection for 1312 13TH AVE / Parcel ID 7660600015 / Inv # 0

Photo taken Jan 06, 2010

Photo taken Jan 06, 2010

Photo taken Jan 06, 2010

Photo taken Jan 06, 2010

Photo taken Jan 06, 2010

Photo taken Jan 06, 2010
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