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Summary for 105 14TH AVE / Parcel ID 000760-0192 / Inv # 0

Historic Name: St. George Hotel Common Name: Seattle Urban Leage
Style: Beaux Arts - American Renaissance Neighborhood: Central Area
Built By: Year Built: 1910
 
Significance
In the opinion of the survey, this property appears to meet the criteria of the Seattle Landmarks Preservation Ordinance.

The St. George Hotel was built in 1910 near the thriving Squire Park neighrbhood.  It was well located on Yesler way not far from Broadway, close to many streetcar lines.  It is notable for its extravagant Renaissance Revival ornament.  During the first half of the twentieth century the hotel was a residence of diverse groups, as it is in an area where Asians and African-Americans were able to live. The building was particularly noted as an important part of the Central Area's music scene in the 1930s, when community musicians gathered in the basement.  For over fifty years it has been the home of the Seattle Urban League.

New downtown building regulations following the great Fire of 1889 encouraged development to the east, as did the plethora of new cable and streetcar lines. The Yesler Way cable car line to Lake Washington opened in 1888 going to Lake Washington and by 1891, street car lines were running to South Seattle, Madison Park, Fremont, Phinney Ridge, Green Lake and Ballard. The following year lines were running along Rainier Avenue past Columbia City, to Broadway, First Hill, and Beacon Hill.  Census figures reveal that as early as the 1890s Squire Park and the larger Central Area were home to many racial and ethnic minorities.  Nearby  institutions (discussed below) reflect the large Jewish and Japanese populations. Since the mid-20th century the Central Area has been particularly connected with the African-American community.  The great demand for military-industrial workers during World War II attracted many workers from the East and South, including African Americans.  Most of those who came to Seattle settled in the Central Area, one of the few locations where they could feel welcome and could purchase property.

 

 
Appearance
This three-story brick and terra cotta hotel building is prominently sited at the northwest corner of E. Yesler Way and 14th Avenue.  It is of masonry construction with a generally rectangular plan.  The primary east and west elevations are almost entirely clad with terra cotta.  The first story has large segmental arches, each framing a pair of plate glass windows with a three-part multilight transom. The second floor windows have square heads with terra cotta lintels and sills. The third story windows have arched surrounds, smaller than those on the first story.  The upper story windows have newer, but compatable, one-over-one sash. The main entrance is at the southeast corner, with a pair of recessed doiors within an arch.  On the two stories above is a rounded hanging bay containing three windows on each story; the bay is  topped by an ornate shield design in terra cotta.  The pairs of windows flanking the entry on each story have a similar design but the windows are square headed.  A prominent bracketed cornice tops the building; it originally had a very ornate parapet that has been removed, perhaps due to earthquake damage.  The two minor elevations are clad with red common brick with no ornament.

Detail for 105 14TH AVE / Parcel ID 000760-0192 / Inv # 0

Status: Yes - Inventory
Classication: Building District Status: INV
Cladding(s): Brick, Terra cotta Foundation(s): Concrete - Poured, Unknown
Roof Type(s): Flat with Parapet, Unknown Roof Material(s): Unknown
Building Type: Domestic - Hotel Plan: Rectangular
Structural System: Masonry - Unreinforced No. of Stories: three
Unit Theme(s): Architecture/Landscape Architecture, Commerce, Social Movements & Organizations
Integrity
Changes to Windows: Moderate
Changes to Original Cladding: Intact
Changes to Plan: Intact
Major Bibliographic References
City of Seattle DCLU Microfilm Records.
Polk's Seattle Directories, 1890-1996.

Photo collection for 105 14TH AVE / Parcel ID 000760-0192 / Inv # 0


Photo taken Jul 05, 2010
App v2.0.1.0