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Summary for 4554 CALIFORNIA AVE / Parcel ID 0952006375 / Inv # 0

Historic Name: Campbell Building Common Name: Campbell Building
Style: Commercial Neighborhood: West Seattle Junction
Built By: Year Built: 1918
In the opinion of the survey, this property appears to meet the criteria of the Seattle Landmarks Preservation Ordinance.

The Campbell Building, named for its developer W. T. Campbell, was built in 1918 to replace a wooden structure erected on the site in 1911 and is one of the older remaining commercial buildings in the district, and an important local landmark. Tremendous growth occurred in the West Seattle Junction in the 1920s., with older buildings being demolished and new ones constructed at a rapid rate. The result was one of the most extensive commercial districts in Seattle, with a number of ornate buildings, The Campbell Building was for many years the location of the popular La Grace Dress shop, as well as the Alaska Café and several beauty salons.

It was designed by Arthur Loveless, a prominent local architect who studied architecture at Columbia University and worked at the New York firm of Delano & Aldrich, well-known designers of stately homes. He came to Seattle in 1907 and formed a partnership with Clayton Wilson, working primarily on large residences. He then worked briefly with Daniel Huntington until opening his own practice in 1915. His work is known for its eclectic character and elegant detaling. These are exhibited in the Studio Building on Broadway, where he maintained his residence and studio until his death in 1971. This is also apparent in the Campbell Building's eclectic styling and numerous details.

This two-story brick buidling has an elaborately gabled parapet with an oversized terra cotta cornice. Cladding is dark clinker brick with smaller red bricks used as accents at the top of the west elevation, around the windows and at the corners. There are two bay windows, at the southwest and southeast corners of the second story. Windows here and elsewhere are newer aluminum sash. Most of the storefronts, including the main one at the corner, have older metal sash and doors. Two of the storefronts (4210-4212 SW Alaska) on the south elevation are largely intact, with recessed entries, wood-framed doors and wood sash, Bulkheads have stucco cladding over the brick. The transoms appear to be intact behind a fabric canopy; some are painted over. The apartment entry on the south elevation has flooring and wainscot of unglazed clay tile, answer wood door with filled-in sidelights and the original wood door surrounds. The east elevation has a large mural, painted in 1990, of the Mosquito Fleet boats landing at Alki. Windows here are also aluminum sash.

Detail for 4554 CALIFORNIA AVE / Parcel ID 0952006375 / Inv # 0

Status: Yes - Inventory
Classication: Building District Status:
Cladding(s): Brick Foundation(s): Concrete - Poured
Roof Type(s): Flat with Parapet Roof Material(s): Unknown
Building Type: Commercial/Trade - Professional Plan: Rectangular
Structural System: Masonry - Unreinforced No. of Stories: two
Unit Theme(s): Architecture/Landscape Architecture, Commerce
Changes to Plan: Intact
Changes to Original Cladding: Slight
Changes to Windows: Moderate
Storefront: Moderate
Major Bibliographic References
West Seattle Herald. West Side Story, 1987.
King County Property Record Card (c. 1938-1972), Washington State Archives.
Polk's Seattle Directories, 1890-1996.
Ochsner, Jeffrey Karl, ed. Shaping Seattle Architecture, A Historical Guide to the Architects. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994.

Photo collection for 4554 CALIFORNIA AVE / Parcel ID 0952006375 / Inv # 0

Photo taken Apr 26, 2015
App v2.0.1.0