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Summary for this site is under review and the displayed data may not be fully up to date. If you need additional info, please call (206) 684-0464

Historic Name: Gaunce, Harold S. and Maude I., House Common Name: Chao House
Style: Arts & Crafts - Craftsman Neighborhood:
Built By: Year Built: 1908

The Roanoke Park Historic District is eligible for listing on the National Register under Criterion "A" for its direct association with events that made a significant contribution to the broad patterns of local and national history. The district is also significant under Criterion "C" for its collection of early 20th century residential architecture designed by many notable Seattle architects. The period of significance for the Roanoke Park Historic District begins in 1899, the earliest construction date, and ends in 1939, the date the neighborhood was built out. Many residents in the district were directly involved in the local and sometimes national historic context, some as much creating the history as expressing or representing it. The politicians, jurists, medical people, and earliest historians of Seattle who lived in the district were powerful actors, and many local themes of the day were played out with varying degrees of self-consciousness by other residents. The work and careers of the district's residents epitomize patterns and preoccupations in the settlement of the American west coast maritime cities.

The events of that pre-war period of political, economic, and cultural activity coincide with the period of the district's architectural significance, in which many of its architects trained on the east coast of the United States, the Midwest, England, and Europe designed the district's residences at the same time that they were designing the city of Seattle's significant buildings during and even after the only partial realization of the City Beautiful movement's ideals in the cities of the United States. The rise of world fairs and expositions and the realization of City Beautiful ideals in the layouts and buildings of these "cities within cities"1 is directly involved as well on the Roanoke Park plateau, whose major period of development was occasioned in large part by its overlooking the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition grounds. And the settlement of residential suburbs-in Seattle's case, "streetcar suburbs" ever farther outside the city center-is a pattern of development to be seen in the environment of most cities in the United States and in Seattle, particularly in the Roanoke Park Historic District.

Major Bibliographic References

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Rundquist, Nolan, City Arborist. Meeting with Roanoke Park residents Robert Buchanan and Erin O'Connor and commercial arborist John Hushagen, of Seattle Tree Preservation, 2 April 2002, to discuss plans for prophylactic measures to protect Roanoke Neighborhood elms from the risk of Dutch elm disease.

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Woodbridge, Sally and Roger Montgomery. A Guide to Architecture in Washington State. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1980.

Worley, Providence. Conversation with Erin O'Connor and other participants in MOHAI-sponsored walking tour of the Roanoke Park district. 6 September 2008.

A one and a half-story Craftsman house with a bay window and a clinker brick chimney. Gabled dormers are on the north and south sides. The entrance is by means of steps leading to a porch attached to the south side of the house. Both stories of the exterior are shingled. The original diamond panes- over-one windows are intact in both stories. The front gable contains a triple diamond-panes-over one window flanked by two tiny, square, diamond-paned casement windows. The eaves are supported by knee braces that also support a crosspiece with three vertical attachments to the front gable end. The shed roofed bay window on the south side of the street side façade has three diamond-panes-over-one sections. A single double diamond-panes-over-one window is in the north side of the street side façade.

Detail for this site is under review and the displayed data may not be fully up to date. If you need additional info, please call (206) 684-0464

Classication: District Status:
Cladding(s): Shingle Foundation(s):
Roof Type(s): Gable Roof Material(s):
Building Type: Domestic - Single Family Plan:
Structural System: No. of Stories: one & ½
Unit Theme(s): Architecture/Landscape Architecture, Commerce, Politics/Government/Law
Major Bibliographic References

Photo collection for this site is under review and the displayed data may not be fully up to date. If you need additional info, please call (206) 684-0464

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