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Summary for this site is under review and the displayed data may not be fully up to date. If you need additional info, please call (206) 684-0464

Historic Name: Johnson-Hanson House Common Name: Broadway House
Style: Arts & Crafts - Craftsman Neighborhood:
Built By: Year Built: 1911
 
Significance

The Roanoke Park Historic District is eligible for listing on the National Register under Criterion

"A" for its direct association with events that made a significant contribution to the broad patterns of local and national history. The district is also significant under Criterion "C" for its collection of early 20th century residential architecture designed by many notable Seattle architects. The period of significance for the Roanoke Park Historic District begins in 1899, the earliest construction date, and ends in 1939, the date the neighborhood was built out.

Many residents in the district were directly involved in the local and sometimes national historic context, some as much creating the history as expressing or representing it. The politicians, jurists, medical people, and earliest historians of Seattle who lived in the district were powerful actors, and many local themes of the day were played out with varying degrees of self-consciousness by other residents. The work and careers of the district's residents epitomize patterns and preoccupations in the settlement of the American west coast maritime cities.

The events of that pre-war period of political, economic, and cultural activity coincide with the period of the district's architectural significance, in which many of its architects trained on the east coast of the United States, the Midwest, England, and Europe designed the district's residences at the same time that they were designing the city of Seattle's significant buildings during and even after the only partial realization of the City Beautiful movement's ideals in the cities of the United States. The rise of world fairs and expositions and the realization of City Beautiful ideals in the layouts and buildings of these "cities within cities"1 is directly involved as well on the Roanoke Park plateau, whose major period of development was occasioned in large part by its overlooking the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition grounds. And the settlement of residential suburbs-in Seattle's case, "streetcar suburbs" ever farther outside the city center-is a pattern of development to be seen in the environment of most cities in the

United States and in Seattle, particularly in the Roanoke Park Historic District



Major Bibliographic References:

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Aldredge, Lydia, ed. Impressions of Imagination: Terra-Cotta Seattle. Seattle: Allied Arts, 1986.

Ancestry.com. http://www.ancestry.com (accessed 5 October 2008 and on many other dates). "Avarilla Waldo Bass." Obituary in the Weekly Oregon Statesman 4-17-1885, 3:2. Online 2-12-2008 at www.open.org/pioneer/pg03.html (accessed 12 February 2008).

A Volume of Memoirs and Genealogy of Representative Citizens of the City of Seattle and County of King, Washington. New York & Chicago: Lewis Publishing Co., 1903. http://www.usbiographies.org (accessed 31 March 2008).

Bagley, Clarence B. History of King County, Volume 1. Chicago-Seattle: S. J. Clarke Publishing, 1929.

---.History of Seattle from the Earliest Settlement to the Present Time. Seattle:

S. J. Clarke Publishing, 1916.

Bass, Sophie Frye. Pigtail Days in Old Seattle. Portland: Binfords & Mort, 1937.

---.When Seattle Was a Village. Seattle: Lowman & Hanford, 1947.

Bemer, Richard C. Seattle in the 2dh Century, Volume], Seattle 1900-1920: From Boomtown, Urban Turbulence, to Restoration. Seattle: Charles Press, 1991.

---.Seattle in the 2dh Century, Volume 2, Seattle 1921-1940: From Boom to Bust. Seattle: Charles Press, 1992.

Booth, T. William and William H. Wilson. Carl F. Gould: A Life in Architecture and the Arts. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1995.

Buchanan, Odile. Conversation with Erin O'Connor, 8 April 2008.

Calvert, Frank, ed. Homes and Gardens of the Pacific Coast, Volume 1 Seattle 1913.

Beaux Arts Village, Lake Washington: Beaux Arts Society Publishers, 1913. Republished by Christopher Laughlin, Historic Preservation Committee of Allied Arts of Seattle, 1974.

Chandonnet, Ann. "Tragedy at Sea: Shipwreck was one of worst west coast disasters." www.juneauempire.com/stories/060803/sta sophia.shtml (accessed 1/7/2009).

Chesley, Frank. "Stem, Bernice (1916-2007)." History Link.org Essay 8003.

City of Seattle. Building Permits. Department of Planning and Development, Microfilm Library. Seattle, Washington.

---.Parcel Data. Department of Planning and Development. Seattle, Washington.

---.Side Sewer Cards. Department of Planning and Development. Seattle, Washington.

Community Council Newsletter. Portage Bay/Roanoke Park, Seattle. Conley, Gerry to Allan Seidenverg, 11 January 2008, email. Conley, Gerry to Erin O'Connor, 8 March 2008, email.

Conover, C. T. Mirrors of Seattle: Reflecting Some Men of Fifty. Seattle: Lowman & Hanford, 1923.

Crowley, Walt. "Municipal League-Thumbnail History," 6 May 1999. http://www.munileague.org/history/thumbnail.htm May 13 (accessed 2008).

---.National Trust Guide, Seattle: America's Guide for Architecture  and History Travelers. New York: John Wiley, Preservation Press, 1998.

Daily Reveille. Whatcom County, Washington, 1895. http://www.rootsweb.com/~wawhatco/newspapers/reveille1895.htm (accessed Feb. 6, 2008).

Denny, Emily Inez. Blazing the Way. Seattle: Rainier Printing Co., 1909.

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-- . Seattle Now and Then, Volume 1 2d ed. Seattle: Tartu, 1984.

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I 0-24-2008).

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http://bulk.resource.org/courts.gov/c/Fl/0243/001/00000762.txt (accessed 5-13-2008.)

Ferguson, Robert L. The Pioneers of Lake View: A Guide to Seattle's Early Settlers and Their Cemetery. Bellevue, Wash.: Thistle Press, 1995.

Garfield, Leonard. Conversation with Erin O'Connor and other participants in MOHAI­ sponsored walking tour of the Roanoke Park district, 6 September 2008.

Greenberg, Allan. Luytens and the Modem Movement. London: New Architecture Group, Papadakis, 2007.

Hackett, Regina. "Queen Anne reels after Wright-style house is tom down." Seattle Post­ Intelligencer, 23 January 2004.

Hillman, Donald. Conversation with group, 24 June 2008.

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(accessed 3-3-2008).

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Hongladarom, Gail. Conversation with Erin O'Connor, 1 May 2008. Hongladarom, Gail to Erin O'Connor, 13 April 2008, email.

Houser, Michael. Conversation with Erin O'Connor, 14 May 2008.

Jacobson, Arthur Lee. Trees of Seattle: The Complete Tree-finder's Guide to the City's 740 Varieties, 2d edition. Seattle: Jacobson, 2006.

Johnson, Burt. "Roy Olmstead's Story: The Background Story of United States v. Olmstead."

www.soc.umn.edu.

Kavanaugh, Marilyn, ed. The History of St. Patrick's Parish, Seattle, Washington. Seattle, 2005.

---."The Summer of Saving Seward." The Portage Bay/Roanoke Park Community Council Newsletter.

.to Erin O'Connor, 20 January 2008, email.

.to Erin O'Connor, 21 April 2008, email.

.to Erin O'Connor, 26 April 2008, email.

---.Conversation with Erin O'Connor and other participants in MOHAI-sponsored walking tour of the Roanoke Park district, 6 September 2008.

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Kreisman, Lawrence and Glenn Mason. The Arts and Crafts Movement in the Pacific Northwest.

Portland, Ore.: Timber Press, 2007.

Logan, Don. Conversation with Erin O'Connor, 7 April 2008.

Matthews, Henry C. Kirtland Cutter: Architect in the Land of Promise. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1999.

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"McClelland, Robert F." "Documentation and Conservation of the Modem

Movement, Western Washington." www.docomomo-wewa.org/architects deatil.php?id=99.

McDonald, Lucille. Where the Washingtonians Lived: Interesting Early Homes and the People Who Built and Lived in Them. Seattle: Superior Publishing, 1969.

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Newton Keith, Agnes. Three Came Home. New York: Book of the Month Club, 1946.

Ochsner, Jeffrey Karl, ed. Shaping Seattle Architecture: A Historical Guide to the Architects. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994.

Owen, John, "The Intermediate Eater: The streets are alive, with the smell of Seattle." Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Wednesday, 1-2-2002.

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Ostrander, Talcott. Conversation with Erin O'Connor, 15 November 2005.

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Polk's Seattle Directory, various years.

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"Roanoke Park Historic District." Historic Property Inventory Form 44343, 8-1998. Rootsweb.com (accessed 3-8-2009 and other dates).

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Ruby, Robert H. and John A. Brown. A Guide to the Indian Tribes of the Pacific Northwest, rev. ed. Norman, Okla.: University of Oklahoma Press, 1992.

Rundquist, Nolan, City Arborist. Meeting with Roanoke Park residents Robert Buchanan and Erin O'Connor and commercial arborist John Hushagen, of Seattle Tree Preservation, 2 April 2002, to discuss plans for prophylactic measures to protect Roanoke Neighborhood elms from the risk of Dutch elm disease.

Sale, Roger. Seattle Past to Present: An Jnterpretaion of the History of the Foremost City in the Pacific Northwest. Seattle, University of Washington Press, 1976.

Seattle Architectural Foundation. "2002 Tours & Events: Building Public Appreciation of Architecture and Design in the Northwest," a brochure of tours marking the foundation's 20th Anniversary Celebration. Seattle, 2002.

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Smith, Eugene. Montlake: An Urban Eden, A History of the Montlake Community in Seattle. La Grande, Ore.: Oak Street Press, 2004.

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Stokke, Diane. Conversation with Erin O'Connor, Autumn 2005.

Stokke, Larry. Conversation with Erin O'Connor, 15 September 2008.

Storm, David. Conversation with Erin O'Connor, 10 February 2005.

---.Conversation  with Erin O'Connor, 9 February 2006.

Swope, Carolyn. Classic Houses of Seattle: High Style to Vernacular, 1870-1950. Portland, Ore.: Timber Press, 2005.

Sylliaasen, Sally Hurd. Conversation with Erin O'Connor, 9 October 2008. Taylor, Sue. Conversation with Erin O'Connor, 2-14-2009.

Territorial Census. Various years..

University of Washington Foundation newsletter. http://uwfoundation.org/newsletter/Fall2007/news stories.asp (accessed 13 May 2008).

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U.S. Census, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930.

U.S. National Archives, Pacific Alaska Region, Seattle, Wash. "Series Description: Investigatory Case Files of the Records of the Department of the Treasury (Record Group 56), Bureau of Prohibition 1927-33, compiled 2-23-94." http://www.archives.gov/pacific-alaska/seattle/finding-aids/prohibition.html (accessed 8 October 2008).

Watt, Roberta Frye. Four Wagons West: The Story of Seattle. Seattle: Lowman and Hanford, 1932.

Wolfe, Wellington C. Sketches of Washingtonians: Containing Brief Histories of Men of the State. http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com (accessed 8 March 2008).

"Women in City Government." Seattle Municipal Archives. www.seattle.gov/CityArchives/Exhibits/Women/panel.htm (accessed 8-19-2008.)

Woodbridge, Sally and Roger Montgomery. A Guide to Architecture in Washington State. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1980.

Worley, Providence. Conversation with Erin O'Connor and other participants in MOHAI-sponsored walking tour of the Roanoke Park district. 6 September 2008.

 
Appearance

A two-story front porch. The house has a hipped roof with broad boxed eaves underlined by ornate modillions. A large center gable dormer with stucco finish is on the main façade. It features Craftsman knee brackets and decorative cut barge boards. The windows are original. Half of the second story porch has been enclosed. The double wood porch supports resting on brick stands feature decorative mortise and tenon detailing. The second floor porch is highlighted by tapered columns and an arched balustrade. The entrance is via a door on the right side of the house over which a gable protruding beyond the porch roof proper is centered. The mortise and tenon motif is carried out on the porch gable's façade.

Detail for this site is under review and the displayed data may not be fully up to date. If you need additional info, please call (206) 684-0464

Status:
Classication: District Status:
Cladding(s): Foundation(s):
Roof Type(s): Hip Roof Material(s):
Building Type: Domestic - Single Family Plan:
Structural System: No. of Stories: two
Unit Theme(s): Architecture/Landscape Architecture, Commerce, Politics/Government/Law
Integrity
Major Bibliographic References

Photo collection for this site is under review and the displayed data may not be fully up to date. If you need additional info, please call (206) 684-0464


Photo taken Apr 10, 2008
App v2.0.1.0