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Summary for 1113 DEXTER AVE / Parcel ID 224950-0425 / Inv # 0

Historic Name: Common Name:
Style: Vernacular Neighborhood: South Lake Union
Built By: Year Built: 1900

This property is located in Eden Addition #2. It is indirectly associated with the era of modern industrialization around Lake Union and the establishment of new transportation routes and light industrial uses (1905 - 1930). No historic tax records could be located for this residence; however, it is clearly shown on the 1905 Sanborn insurance map. Given the extant design attributes it appears to date to c.1900.  


By 1905, the cultural landscape of the South Lake Union neighborhood was characterized by dense residential development including family dwellings, older homes that had been converted to flats, modern flats, double houses and buildings identified as “tenements” or “lodgings.” Within five years apartment buildings began to be developed in the neighborhood, which was typical throughout most of the city. Several stores, churches and commercial operations had been established to serve the residents. During this period, the mill company complexes, including door and sash fabrication continued to operate, the brewery facilities expanded and a soap factory was established. In addition, at least five more commercial steam laundry companies established operations in the neighborhood. Beginning in 1907, shore lands around the edge of Lake Union were filled in order to build modern shipping piers and create new railway freight routes.  That same year, Westlake Avenue was created; the 90-ft. wide arterial roadway was regraded and extended south to Pike Street.  In 1909, rail spurs were built along the south and west sides of the lake, as well as a north-south spur along Terry Avenue where a freight depot was constructed in 1914 at Thomas Street. These spur lines, the modernized Westlake route and the freight depot (and distribution center) attracted new enterprises to South Lake Union.  


The oldest extant historic buildings in South Lake Union and Cascade are of this domestic property type. Extant single family residences and double houses are indicative of what was once a densely populated residential community that was fully established in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Historic dwellings were typically modest in size and designed to accommodate working class families; these development patterns are directly related to transportation routes and the presence of industrial facilities, manufacturing plants and warehouse operations that provided nearby employment. Due to zoning changes, modern transportation patterns and current development pressure very few intact single family residences and double houses remain in place.  


The development of working class dwellings and apartment houses near major arterials (along Eastlake Avenue and Dexter Avenue) is typical of historic residential development in the nearby portions of the adjoining neighborhoods (Eastlake, Capitol Hill, Queen Anne Hill). The construction of Highway 99 (Aurora Avenue, along the original 7th Avenue N. alignment) in the early 1930s significantly impacted the established residential neighborhood around this residence and severed connections to the southeast slope of Queen Anne Hill. Historic 1937 tax records for nearby properties include the notation “This area is rapidly becoming an Industrial District.”   



Modest example of residence exhibiting Classic Revival stylistic influences. 


Distinctive Features/Finishes: Medium pitch front gable roof form with gable end returns, three-part stepped window at second floor gable end, some tall narrow window openings. 


Extensive Alterations: major cladding changes, dormer additions/alterations at south and north elevations, missing original window sash and doors, original full width entry porch removed, modern entry stairs.  



Detail for 1113 DEXTER AVE / Parcel ID 224950-0425 / Inv # 0

Status: Yes - Inventory
Classication: Building District Status:
Cladding(s): Shingle - Concrete/Asbestos Foundation(s): Concrete - Poured
Roof Type(s): Gable Roof Material(s): Asphalt/Composition-Shingle
Building Type: Domestic - Single Family Plan: Rectangular
Structural System: Balloon Frame/Platform Frame No. of Stories: one & ½
Unit Theme(s):
Changes to Plan: Moderate
Changes to Windows: Slight
Changes to Original Cladding: Extensive
Major Bibliographic References
King County Property Record Card (c. 1938-1972), Washington State Archives.
Sanborn (Insurance) Map Company, Seattle, Washington, 1904.
Sanborn (Insurance) Map Company, Seattle, Washington, 1917.
Baist, William. Baist’s Real Estate Atlas of Surveys of Seattle, Wash. Philadelphia: W. G. Baist, 1905, 1908 and 1912.

Photo collection for 1113 DEXTER AVE / Parcel ID 224950-0425 / Inv # 0

Photo taken Feb 10, 2014
App v2.0.1.0