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Summary for 200 BROADWAY / Parcel ID 219760-0060 / Inv # 0

Historic Name: King County Juvenile Detention Home Common Name: King County Medical Society
Style: Colonial - Georgian Revival Neighborhood: Central Area
Built By: Year Built: 1915

This building was built in 1915 as the King County Juvenile Detention Home.  The architects were George Lawton and Herman Moldenhour, one of the city's prominent firms.  This is probably one of the few early county social service buildings remaining, as they are often demolished when the new building is constructed.  This remained the juvenile detention home until the late 1940s when the larger juvenile home was built in nearby on Alder Street. It was later used for medical services, including a drug treatment center.  It is now the offices of the the King County Medical Society.

George W. Lawton (1863-1928), born in Wisconsin, came to Seattle about the time of the Great Fire in 1889.  He worked as a draftsman for the prominent firm of Saunders & Houghton before entering into partnership with Charles Saunders in 1898.  The firm designed a wide range of projects, including the Lincoln Apartment Hotel, one of the city’s first apartment blocks, the San Marco (1905) and the Summit (1910).  They adeptly used a wide range of revival styles, including Romanesque, Classical, Tudor and Colonial.  One of their most noted works was the Forestry Building (1908-09) at the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition, a classical design executed in raw logs.   Few of these early buildings remain, other than Horace Mann and Beacon Hill (now El Centro de la Raza) elementary schools.   The partnership dissolved in 1915.  As an independent practitioner, Lawton worked with A. W. Gould on the Arctic Building (1913-17), famed for its terra cotta walrus heads.  In 1922 Lawton formed a partnership with Herman A. Moldenhour (1864-1976).  Moldenhour, also from Wisconsin, had been an office boy for the Saunders & Lawton firm. This partnership specialized in large office and apartment buildings, including the Franklin (1918), the Castle (1918), Olive Crest (1924) and Hawthorne Square (1924), a notable townhouse project.  Moldenhour continued with an independent practice after Lawton’s death in 1928.

This building is located above the street at a prominent location where Broadway and Boren meet.  It is of masonry construction faced with dark red brick; the brick above the water table is very rough textured, with smooth brick below the water table of soldier bricks.  It has a generally T-shaped plan with a wing extending east from the rear of the main volume.  There are two stories, with a series of five gabled dormers on both the front and rear elevations providing almost another story.  The main entry is in the center of the west facade, reached by a long flight of brick stairs.  It resembles Lawton & Moldenhour's apartment buildings, with a round-arched Georgian Revival hood with egg-and-dart molding, supported by two Corinthian columns and a pair of acanthus leaf corbels.  The hood is topped with an anthemion.  The hipped roof has deep eaves with dentils.   The main facade as a nine bay composition with four bays with single windows on each side of the center entry bay.  Windows on the second story and the basement are square headed.  First-story windows are set into brick blind arches with circles in them.  The building has been altered in two ways.  The roof is now clad with standing seam metal and the windows are newer metal sash. The original sash were steel, with bars on the second story windows. 

Detail for 200 BROADWAY / Parcel ID 219760-0060 / Inv # 0

Classication: Building District Status:
Cladding(s): Brick Foundation(s): Concrete - Poured
Roof Type(s): Hip Roof Material(s): Metal - Standing Seam
Building Type: Other Plan: T-Shape
Structural System: Masonry - Unreinforced No. of Stories: two
Unit Theme(s): Architecture/Landscape Architecture, Health/Medicine, Politics/Government/Law
Changes to Plan: Slight
Changes to Windows: Moderate
Changes to Original Cladding: Intact
Major Bibliographic References
King County Property Record Card (c. 1938-1972), Washington State Archives.
Ochsner, Jeffrey Karl, ed. Shaping Seattle Architecture, A Historical Guide to the Architects. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994.

Photo collection for 200 BROADWAY / Parcel ID 219760-0060 / Inv # 0

Photo taken Jul 12, 2010
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