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Summary for 2207 14TH AVE / Parcel ID 1683400085 / Inv # 0

Historic Name: Common Name:
Style: Vernacular Neighborhood: North Beacon Hill
Built By: Year Built: 1903

This house is significant due to its association with the Japanese American community in Seattle. The residency of a Japanese American family in this house is consistent with the gradual movement of Japanese Americans to Beacon Hill, which contributed to the social and ethnic diversity that currently predominates in South Seattle.

This single-family residential property is located North Beacon Hill and was constructed in 1903. In the mid-1920s, William Kasberger was a tenant in the house. From 1937 through 1938, Torakazu and Tomi Takatsuki, Japanese Americans, lived in the house. By 1939, Neil E. Nelson was the principal occupant. From 1941 through 1951, Forrest E. Huff resided in the house; and, by 1953, Edward C. Wilkerson was the principal occupant. The house remained vacant for a period in 1954; but, by 1957, Ronald S. McGeary had purchased the property. In 1957, Mrs. June C. Huff boarded in the house with the McGeary family, who sold the house to Dominic A. D’Angelo in 1961. By 1965, James Robinson purchased the property. However, the Polk Directories show that Alex Cavazos was also a resident during this time period. In 1967, Mrs. Garret E. Peterson lived in the house, but it was again vacant for a period in 1968. By 1969, Mrs. Bonnie Kellam was the primary resident.

Substantial residential and commercial development in Beacon Hill occurred when a transportation corridor connecting the Rainier Valley to Downtown Seattle and Seattle’s industrial district was constructed along Rainier Avenue. Development in the valley was facilitated by logging during the 1880s, the operation of the Rainier Valley Electric Railway in the 1890s, and the Jackson and Dearborn Street re-grades in the 1900s. Milling was the primary commercial industry during the last part of the nineteenth century although some agricultural activity existed. As residential development increased, Rainier Avenue gradually became the principal commercial corridor connecting the residential neighborhoods of South Seattle to downtown, the International District, and Seattle’s industrial districts. World War II brought additional building growth related to the wartime industry, as well as the influx of defense workers to nearby Boeing and the Duwamish shipyards. 

Beacon Hill has historically been a more economically and socially diverse neighborhood than Mount Baker to its east. There was less enforcement of residential deed restrictions and a greater availability of smaller, more affordable housing. One of the first land owners of Beacon Hill was George Riley, an African American from Portland, Oregon. George Riley, organizer of the Workingmen’s Joint Stock Association in Portland, arranged the organization’s purchase of property on Beacon Hill, which was platted in 1871 as Riley’s Addition. Furthermore, the northern end of Rainier Valley, which was originally settled by German immigrants, acquired the historical nickname “Garlic Gulch” during the early twentieth century due to the growing strength and predominance of its Italian American community. 

In addition to the Italian American community in northern Rainier Valley, the Japanese American community grew and expanded southwards to Beacon Hill during the first two decades of the twentieth century as a result of relatively less restrictive immigration laws. While the 1889 Alien Land Laws excluded non-citizens from owning land, they were able to purchase property under the names of their second generation family members. While the Immigration Act of 1924 inhibited further Japanese immigration, they continued to expand their families and businesses in Seattle. However, when President Roosevelt issued his Executive Order 9066 in 1942, the Japanese Americans in the Pacific Northwest were sent to internment camps and their properties and businesses were usually confiscated. After World War II, formerly incarcerated Japanese Americans returned to Seattle, successfully rebuilding their social networks and businesses and again emerging as a significant force in Seattle.

Beacon Hill’s diverse beginnings were reinforced by its landscape features, including Jefferson Park located at the center of Beacon Hill. Originally named Beacon Hill Park, Jefferson Park has exerted a profoundly positive influence on the development and social cohesion of the Beacon Hill neighborhood through its sustained use by local residents. Originally acquired by the City of Seattle in 1898, it was integrated into Seattle’s Olmsted system of parks. In 1915, the first public golf course west of the Mississippi opened at Jefferson Park. From 1919 to 1941, the year before many Japanese Americans were interned in the Northwest, the Japanese-American Language School in Seattle used the park for its annual picnics. Japanese Golf Association held annual tournaments beginning in 1931. African Americans, Japanese Americans, and Chinese Americans organized golf clubs during the 1940s and 1950s because they were excluded from white clubs; they used Jefferson Park as their home course.

The Jefferson Park community center and golf course remains open to the public and the Beacon Hill neighborhood continues to be an ethnically diverse, working-class community. Its businesses and public spaces, including Jefferson Park and Dr. Jose Rizal Park, reinforce this diversity.

The elevated, rectangular lot for this single-family residence was originally platted for the College Grounds Addition and is located between South Walker Street and South College Street. The vernacular house has Craftsman and Victorian stylistic influences and faces eastwards onto 14th Avenue South. Constructed in 1903, it has one-and-a half stories, a rectangular floor plan, and 2,100 square feet of living space. The foundation is poured concrete and supports the balloon-framed superstructure. Five concrete steps lead to the front entrance. The front slope of the hipped roof is punctuated by a hexagonal dormer, and a gabled pediment feature is located over the doorway. The roof is covered by asphalt and composite shingles while the house is clad in wood board and wood shingle siding. Scalloped shingles are extant in the gable end above the doorway. Windows are primarily hung-sash and casement windows, and most original wooden casings are intact. This house retains several of its architectural features, including decorative shingles, windows, scale, massing, and roof shape. Therefore, it remains integral to the residential character of the Beacon Hill neighborhood.

Detail for 2207 14TH AVE / Parcel ID 1683400085 / Inv # 0

Classication: Building District Status:
Cladding(s): Shingle, Wood Foundation(s): Concrete - Poured
Roof Type(s): Hip Roof Material(s): Asphalt/Composition-Shingle
Building Type: Domestic - Single Family Plan: Rectangular
Structural System: Balloon Frame/Platform Frame No. of Stories: one
Unit Theme(s): Architecture/Landscape Architecture
Changes to Plan: Intact
Changes to Windows: Intact
Changes to Original Cladding: Intact
Changes to Interior: Unknown
Other: Intact
Major Bibliographic References
Shaping Seattle Architecture: A Historical Guide to the Architects. Jeffrey Karl Ochsner, ed. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994.
Dorpat, Paul, “101 The Railroad Avenue Elevated,” Seattle, Now and Then, Seattle: Tartu Publications, 1984.
Bagley, Clarence B. History of Seattle, Washington. Chicago: S.J. Clarke, 1916.
Berner, Richard. Seattle 1921-1940: From Boom to Bust. Seattle: Charles Press, 1992.

Photo collection for 2207 14TH AVE / Parcel ID 1683400085 / Inv # 0

Photo taken Jan 06, 2010

Photo taken Jan 06, 2010

Photo taken Jan 06, 2010

Photo taken Jan 06, 2010

Photo taken Jan 06, 2010

Photo taken Jan 06, 2010
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