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Summary for this site is under review and the displayed data may not be fully up to date. If you need additional info, please call (206) 684-0464

Historic Name: Stokes, Harry C. and Emma J., House Common Name: Espling, Erik S. and Emilie M., House
Style: American Foursquare - Craftsman, American Foursquare - Prairie, Queen Anne Neighborhood:
Built By: Year Built: 1906
 
Significance

This is an example of local residential architecture in a transitional stage between the Queen Anne, Craftsman and Prairie styles exhibiting only a fair degree of integrity.







This is one of approximately 2,200 houses that are still extant out of more than 5,000 that were built by the end of 1906 in Seattle’s Central Area, Eastlake, First Hill, Leschi, Madison Park, Madrona, and North Capitol Hill neighborhoods.







A complete permit history and record of ownership and occupation have not yet been prepared for this property; however,







Bibliography







King County Property Record Card (c. 1938-1972) Washington State Archives







King County GIS Center Property Report (http://www5.kingcounty.gov/kcgisreports/property_report.aspx; accessed March 6, 2008)




 

Roanoke Park Historic District documentation update (prepared by Erin O’Connor, Lee O'Connor, Cheryl Thomas on the NR Form, 6/17/2009; data entry by ICF, January 2020):

 

The Roanoke Park Historic District is eligible for listing on the National Register under Criterion "A" for its direct association with events that made a significant contribution to the broad patterns of local and national history. The district is also significant under Criterion "C" for its collection of early 20th century residential architecture designed by many notable Seattle architects. The period of significance for the Roanoke Park Historic District begins in 1899, the earliest construction date, and ends in 1939, the date the neighborhood was built out. Many residents in the district were directly involved in the local and sometimes national historic context, some as much creating the history as expressing or representing it. The politicians, jurists, medical people, and earliest historians of Seattle who lived in the district were powerful actors, and many local themes of the day were played out with varying degrees of self-consciousness by other residents. The work and careers of the district's residents epitomize patterns and preoccupations in the settlement of the American west coast maritime cities.

The events of that pre-war period of political, economic, and cultural activity coincide with the period of the district's architectural significance, in which many of its architects trained on the east coast of the United States, the Midwest, England, and Europe designed the district's residences at the same time that they were designing the city of Seattle's significant buildings during and even after the only partial realization of the City Beautiful movement's ideals in the cities of the United States. The rise of world fairs and expositions and the realization of City Beautiful ideals in the layouts and buildings of these "cities within cities"1 is directly involved as well on the Roanoke Park plateau, whose major period of development was occasioned in large part by its overlooking the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition grounds. And the settlement of residential suburbs-in Seattle's case, "streetcar suburbs" ever farther outside the city center-is a pattern of development to be seen in the environment of most cities in the United States and in Seattle, particularly in the Roanoke Park Historic District.

Major Bibliographic References

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A Volume of Memoirs and Genealogy of Representative Citizens of the City of Seattle and County of King, Washington. New York & Chicago: Lewis Publishing Co., 1903. http://www.usbiographies.org (accessed 31 March 2008).

Bagley, Clarence B. History of King County, Volume 1. Chicago-Seattle: S. J. Clarke Publishing, 1929.

---.History of Seattle from the Earliest Settlement to the Present Time. Seattle:

S. J. Clarke Publishing, 1916.

Bass, Sophie Frye. Pigtail Days in Old Seattle. Portland: Binfords & Mort, 1937.

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Bemer, Richard C. Seattle in the 2dh Century, Volume], Seattle 1900-1920: From Boomtown, Urban Turbulence, to Restoration. Seattle: Charles Press, 1991.

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Booth, T. William and William H. Wilson. Carl F. Gould: A Life in Architecture and the Arts. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1995.

Buchanan, Odile. Conversation with Erin O'Connor, 8 April 2008.

Calvert, Frank, ed. Homes and Gardens of the Pacific Coast, Volume 1 Seattle 1913.

Beaux Arts Village, Lake Washington: Beaux Arts Society Publishers, 1913. Republished by Christopher Laughlin, Historic Preservation Committee of Allied Arts of Seattle, 1974.

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Chesley, Frank. "Stem, Bernice (1916-2007)." History Link.org Essay 8003.

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Community Council Newsletter. Portage Bay/Roanoke Park, Seattle. Conley, Gerry to Allan Seidenverg, 11 January 2008, email. Conley, Gerry to Erin O'Connor, 8 March 2008, email.

Conover, C. T. Mirrors of Seattle: Reflecting Some Men of Fifty. Seattle: Lowman & Hanford, 1923.

Crowley, Walt. "Municipal League-Thumbnail History," 6 May 1999. http://www.munileague.org/history/thumbnail.htm May 13 (accessed 2008).

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Ferguson, Robert L. The Pioneers of Lake View: A Guide to Seattle's Early Settlers and Their Cemetery. Bellevue, Wash.: Thistle Press, 1995.

Garfield, Leonard. Conversation with Erin O'Connor and other participants in MOHAI­ sponsored walking tour of the Roanoke Park district, 6 September 2008.

Greenberg, Allan. Luytens and the Modem Movement. London: New Architecture Group, Papadakis, 2007.

Hackett, Regina. "Queen Anne reels after Wright-style house is tom down." Seattle Post­ Intelligencer, 23 January 2004.

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Hines, D. D., Rev. H.K. An Illustrated History of the State of Washington (Chicago: Lewis Publishing, 1893). http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~jtenlen/slcrawford.txt

(accessed 3-3-2008).

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Hongladarom, Gail. Conversation with Erin O'Connor, 1 May 2008. Hongladarom, Gail to Erin O'Connor, 13 April 2008, email.

Houser, Michael. Conversation with Erin O'Connor, 14 May 2008.

Jacobson, Arthur Lee. Trees of Seattle: The Complete Tree-finder's Guide to the City's 740 Varieties, 2d edition. Seattle: Jacobson, 2006.

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Kavanaugh, Marilyn, ed. The History of St. Patrick's Parish, Seattle, Washington. Seattle, 2005.

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.to Erin O'Connor, 20 January 2008, email.

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---.Conversation with Erin O'Connor and other participants in MOHAI-sponsored walking tour of the Roanoke Park district, 6 September 2008.

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Logan, Don. Conversation with Erin O'Connor, 7 April 2008.

Matthews, Henry C. Kirtland Cutter: Architect in the Land of Promise. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1999.

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Movement, Western Washington." www.docomomo-wewa.org/architects deatil.php?id=99.

McDonald, Lucille. Where the Washingtonians Lived: Interesting Early Homes and the People Who Built and Lived in Them. Seattle: Superior Publishing, 1969.

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Newton Keith, Agnes. Three Came Home. New York: Book of the Month Club, 1946.

Ochsner, Jeffrey Karl, ed. Shaping Seattle Architecture: A Historical Guide to the Architects. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994.

Owen, John, "The Intermediate Eater: The streets are alive, with the smell of Seattle." Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Wednesday, 1-2-2002.

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Rundquist, Nolan, City Arborist. Meeting with Roanoke Park residents Robert Buchanan and Erin O'Connor and commercial arborist John Hushagen, of Seattle Tree Preservation, 2 April 2002, to discuss plans for prophylactic measures to protect Roanoke Neighborhood elms from the risk of Dutch elm disease.

Sale, Roger. Seattle Past to Present: An Jnterpretaion of the History of the Foremost City in the Pacific Northwest. Seattle, University of Washington Press, 1976.

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Stokke, Diane. Conversation with Erin O'Connor, Autumn 2005.

Stokke, Larry. Conversation with Erin O'Connor, 15 September 2008.

Storm, David. Conversation with Erin O'Connor, 10 February 2005.

---.Conversation  with Erin O'Connor, 9 February 2006.

Swope, Carolyn. Classic Houses of Seattle: High Style to Vernacular, 1870-1950. Portland, Ore.: Timber Press, 2005.

Sylliaasen, Sally Hurd. Conversation with Erin O'Connor, 9 October 2008. Taylor, Sue. Conversation with Erin O'Connor, 2-14-2009.

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Wolfe, Wellington C. Sketches of Washingtonians: Containing Brief Histories of Men of the State. http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com (accessed 8 March 2008).

"Women in City Government." Seattle Municipal Archives. www.seattle.gov/CityArchives/Exhibits/Women/panel.htm (accessed 8-19-2008.)

Woodbridge, Sally and Roger Montgomery. A Guide to Architecture in Washington State. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1980.

Worley, Providence. Conversation with Erin O'Connor and other participants in MOHAI-sponsored walking tour of the Roanoke Park district. 6 September 2008.






 
Appearance

This is a two-and-a-half story, clapboard clad, wood frame single-family residence on a concrete foundation, over a full basement.







The hipped, low slope roof, the deep unenclosed overhangs, the exposed rafter tails, and the square piers supporting the hipped porch roof are all elements customarily associated with the Craftsman style. However, the window sash and glazing pattern in most of the windows is more typical of Queen Anne work, while the centered arch-top window at the front façade, together with the original band of arch top windows in the front facing dormer (now replaced with rectangular aluminum windows) gave this symmetrical hip roofed box a somewhat Italian flavor that is still suggested by the band saw work at the undersides of the rafters. The basic form of the house is similar to the symmetrically organized vernacular foursquare form of the early Prairie style.







Uncovered extensions of the central porch, and the associated gothic looking porch railing, that appear to have been situated to either side of the entry in the structure’s early years have been removed. Roof windows, a second floor deck, and a shed have been added. The original band of three, small, arch-top windows in the front facing dormer has been replaced with rectangular aluminum sash. The windows in the other dormers and two windows in the back of the house have also been replaced with aluminum. Gutters have been added.







The house was built in 1906 (King County Property Record Card; the King County GIS Center Property Report, accessed March 6, 2008). The existing cladding appears to have been covered with shingle siding at some point between 1937 and 1956 but the cladding has more recently been returned to its original condition. Several of the alterations mentioned above suggest that the attic has been remodeled for domestic use.


Roanoke Park Historic District documentation update (prepared by Erin O’Connor, Lee O'Connor, Cheryl Thomas on the NR Form, 6/17/2009; data entry by ICF, January 2020):

The two and a half-story American Foursquare house has a hipped roof with exposed decorative cut rafter tails and 2-inch exposure clapboard siding. A large hip-roofed porch centered on the main facade is supported by square pillars. The first and second stories contain original one-over-one, double-hung wood windows. Above the porch is a Palladian style window. A large hip-roofed dormer on the main elevation has a replacement metal sliding window.



Detail for this site is under review and the displayed data may not be fully up to date. If you need additional info, please call (206) 684-0464

Status: Yes - Hold
Classication: Building District Status:
Cladding(s): Wood, Wood - Clapboard Foundation(s): Concrete - Poured
Roof Type(s): Hip Roof Material(s): Asphalt/Composition-Shingle
Building Type: Domestic - Single Family Plan: Rectangular
Structural System: Balloon Frame/Platform Frame No. of Stories: two & ½
Unit Theme(s): Architecture/Landscape Architecture, Commerce, Politics/Government/Law
Integrity
Changes to Original Cladding: Slight
Changes to Interior: Unknown
Changes to Plan: Moderate
Changes to Windows: Moderate
Major Bibliographic References

Photo collection for this site is under review and the displayed data may not be fully up to date. If you need additional info, please call (206) 684-0464


Photo taken Oct 08, 2007
App v2.0.1.0