Home Page
Link to Seattle Department of Neighborhoods home page

Seattle Historical Sites

New Search

Summary for 1534 1ST AVE / Parcel ID 7666206455 / Inv # 0

Historic Name: American Radiator Common Name: Queen Anne Window & Door
Style: Vernacular Neighborhood: Pioneer Square
Built By: Year Built: 1931

 An “addition for Jessman Realty Company,” designed by Henry Bittman in 1930,  a wholesale remodel, essentially replaced a previous one-story building with the present two-story building. The two-story version of the building was completed in 1931. Henry Bittman had also previously designed the one-story building at this site, also for Jessman Realty Company in 1928. Based on extant drawings, bay divisions and the central raised parapet, were similar to elements found in the present main façade, but, in particular, the façade was completely rebuilt.


Based on original drawings, the present building has retained its original cladding and shape and the most important character defining elements of its exterior. Fenestration, although mainly replaced, is mostly replacement in kind, (although the muntins are of the fake, flat variety). Subsequent changes for American Radiator in 1941 include what appear to be changes to the interior, particularly at the second floor level along First Avenue South, as well as changes along the back of the building, which faces Occidental Avenue. At that time, the building was also known as the American Radiator Building. Although not intact, the building remains a good example of modest, but well-designed buildings of its period (1920s-1930s), which are often found in Seattle’s historic commercial districts.


During the late 1980s, Henry Bittman’s successors, his nephew, architect Herbert Bittman and associate, architect Gerald L. Vammen, were responsible for interior tenant improvements, as well as possible exterior changes to the central bay at the ground level. Complete drawings concerning these changes do not seem to be available.


By 2001, the building’s main tenant was Budget Sales, Used Restaurant and Deli Equipment. By 2005, Queen Anne Window and Door occupied the building. (KML)

Additional Sources

Washington State Major League Baseball Stadium Project, Vol. 3: Specialized Technical Information,” Seattle, WA: Washington State Major League Baseball Stadium Public Facilities District. August, 1996.

  This is a two-story building with a basement, located on the east side of First Avenue South, mid-block between S. Atlantic and S. Massachusetts Streets. It has a rectangular footprint, with the main façade measuring roughly 120 feet in length. The original interior structure includes a regular grid of columns, spaced roughly at 12’-0” (north-south direction) to 12’-3” (east-west direction). Visible walls are primarily clad in buff brick with cast stone coping, as well as a cast stone or concrete base on the main facade.  The main west façade is divided into five bays, marked by shallow pilasters, topped by simple cast stone caps, which each end in an angled shape. Each of these cast stone elements is also marked by a shield motif. Cast stone coping ties together the tops of the pilasters, which rise above the main parapet level, as well as the angled raised parapet of the central bay.


At the second level, end bays each have four separate trabeated openings, filled with a double-hung multi-pane replacement window (with fake, flat muntins). The second level central bay, as well as the two flanking bays, each feature three similar windows. Based on original drawings, the original design of the building featured also double-hung windows. All windows openings feature cast stone sills.


At the first level, the central bay now features a service entry, with a garage door, with a grid design, currently painted dark brown. Based on original drawings and later drawings, at least by the 1980s, this appears to have replaced a storefront. The two north bays each have large rectangular openings, with original multi-pane steel sash. At the other end of the façade, the southern bay features a similar large rectangular opening, but with new replacement multi-pane sash. A storefront in the bay to the north of this end bay features a central glazed doorway, flanked to each side by storefront glazing, and topped by additional glazing, (some of it false multi-pane sash). The top of the entire opening lines up with the openings of the façade, as it did in Henry Bittman’s original design. Also,  the central door, flanked by storefront, which sits on a base that is elevated from the ground, is a configuration that shows up in the original drawings for the façade. Although the storefront has replacement glazing, many original elements have been replicated in the replacement glazing. (KML)


Detail for 1534 1ST AVE / Parcel ID 7666206455 / Inv # 0

Status: Yes - Inventory
Classication: Building District Status:
Cladding(s): Brick Foundation(s): Concrete - Poured
Roof Type(s): Flat with Parapet Roof Material(s): Unknown
Building Type: Industry/Processing/Extraction - Manufacturing Plan: Rectangular
Structural System: No. of Stories: two
Unit Theme(s): Architecture/Landscape Architecture, Manufacturing/Industry
Changes to Windows: Extensive
Changes to Plan: Slight
Changes to Original Cladding: Slight
Storefront: Moderate
Major Bibliographic References
King County Property Record Card (c. 1938-1972), Washington State Archives.
Drawings, Microfiche Files, Department of Planning and Development.

Photo collection for 1534 1ST AVE / Parcel ID 7666206455 / Inv # 0

Photo taken Mar 04, 2007

Photo taken Mar 04, 2007
App v2.0.1.0